The removal of tattoos can be achieved in a variety of ways, ranging from laser treatments, chemical peels, dermabrasion, and excision.

Laser Treatments

Lasers are today's most popular tattoo removal method. Tattoos are made up of thousands of tattoo ink particles suspended in the skin. Typically, the normal human immune system removes small foreign particles from the skin. Particles of tattoo ink are too large for this system to remove and are therefore considered permanent. Laser use helps split these particles into smaller pieces that the immune system can remove.

Complete removal of a tattoo in one laser treatment session is usually not performed. Laser tattoo removal typically requires more than one treatment to reduce the particle size of the ink and make it easier for the immune system to disperse them. Laser tattoo removal can be painful and patients need to take care of the open wound left after the procedure. Healing is typically completed about five days after the procedure has been completed.

Chemical Peels

It is also possible to use trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels to remove tattoos. TCA is a gentle acid added to the skin in order to extract the skin's exterior layers and the tattoo ink with them.

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This sort of operation may be slightly painful, but an anesthetic is typically not required. Like other kinds of tattoo removal, TCA peels will lead in an open scar that needs care after completion of the operation. Daily soap and water washing, antibiotic ointment implementation and dressing are all needed. Typically, these injuries will cure in about 5-7 days.

Dermabrasion

Dermabrasion is a tattoo removal surgical technique that includes using a medical grinding tool that is used in a regulated way to extract the exterior parts of the skin. The intention is to separate the skin layers that hold the components of the ink and thus erase the tattoo.

This operation is painful and is typically done with either a local, regional or even a general anesthetic because of this. Like the extraction of laser tattoo, a dermabrasion session will lead in an open wound that will require treatment after the operation. It is usually recommended to clean the wound daily with soap and water, apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the wound with a dressing.

Surgical Excision

Direct surgical excision may also remove tattoos. This merely includes pulling out the skin containing the tattoo. For tiny tattoos, this method is best used and may not be practical for very big tattoos. Then the skin around the tattoo is assembled and closed.

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Depending on tattoo's size, this form of tattoo removal will probably involve local, regional or even general anesthesia. Post-procedural pads should remain 48 hours in location. Upon removal of the bandages and regular cleaning of the surgical area with soap and water. It's advisable to cover the wound with a dressing for the first week after the procedure.